A brief history of the malacca

Main Menu History of Malacca Malacca, the land so prominently pronounced in the history of Malaysia, is where the significant chronicles of the Malacca Sultanate were carved — the bygone days, which have changed the fates of its descendants. Hugging the West peninsula of Malaysia, Malacca covers a total area of 1,km2 with a total population ofpeople. It is located approximately km south of Kuala Lumpur and km north of Singapore.

A brief history of the malacca

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The truth is that there is not much archeological evidence or written records from ancient Malaysia; but it is likely that this situation will change. Many suspect that there are more prehistoric archeological sites along the coasts and in the jungles and hills, but given Malaysia's riotous vegetation it will take time to find them.

We do know that homo sapiens have been in Malaysia for a long time. The oldest known evidence of human habitation is a skull from the Niah Caves in Sarawak dating from 35, years before Christ.

On the peninsula, stone age tools and implements from about 10, BC have been found, and some archeologists suggest that they were left there by the predecessors of the Negrito aborigines - one of the earliest groups to inhabit the peninsula.

We also know that about 2, years before Christ a much more technologically advanced group migrated to the peninsula from China.

Called the Proto-Malays, they were seafarers and farmers, and their advances into the peninsula forced the Negritos into the hills and jungles. History's periodic waves of cultural evolution, however, soon created another group, the Deutero-Malays.

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They were a combination of many peoples - Indians, Chinese, Siamese, Arabs, and Proto-Malays - and they had risen by mastering the use of iron.

Combined with the peoples of Indonesia, the Deutero-Malays formed the racial basis for the group which today we simply call the Malay. This mystical, fantastically wealthly kingdom was said to lie in a far away and unknown land, and legend holds that it was on an odyessy in search of Savarnadvipa that the first Indians were lured to the Malay Peninsula.

Blown across the Bay of Bengal by the reliable winds of the southwest monsoon, they arrived in Kedah sometime around BC.

A brief history of the malacca

Whether or not the civilization they encountered there was the one from the ancient chronicles will probably never be known, but it is certain that the sailors considered the trip lucrative.

From that point on, and ever-growing stream of Indian traders arrived in search of gold, aromatic wood, and spices. Goods were not the only items exchanged in the peninsula's ports: Hinduism and Buddhism swept through the land, bringing temples and Indian cultural traditions.

Local kings, who sent emissaries to the subcontinent, were impressed by the efficiency of the Hindu courts, and soon began to refer to themselves as "rajahs. Islam and the Golden Age of Malacca: The strongest of these kingdoms was called Srivijaya, and the records of Chinese, Indian, and Arab traders laud it as the best trading port in the region.

It was the first great maritime kingdom in the Malay archipelago, and other ports quickly emulated its success. At some time around the 13th century, as other entrepots emerged, Srivijaya's influence declined.

The lack of a strong central power, coupled with the ever-present nuisance of pirates, amplified the need for secure, well-equipped port in the region. Fate would make this port the city of Malacca.

According to the Malay Annals, Malacca was founded in by a fleeing Palembang prince named Parameswara. Its rise from a village of royal refugees to a wealthy kingdom was swift.

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Perfectly located for trade, within 50 years it was the most influential port in Southeast Asia. At any one time, ships from a dozen kingdoms great and small could be seen in the harbor. With these traders came Islam, and Malacca's rulers now referred to themselves as "sultans.

Every incoming ship was met by a multilingual harbor capitan, whose staff would see to all the vessel's needs.

A brief history of the malacca

There were also gaurded storehouses where goods from the interior and abroad could be stored until traders arrived. Most importantly, Malacca was able to control what had always been the bane of trade in the Straits area - pirates. By building alliances with outlying tribes and ports, Malacca established a kind of regional "navy" that policed the local waters and escorted friendly vessels.Apart from a brief upturn in the early 20th century when rubber was an important crop, Melaka returned again to being a quiet backwater, quietly awaiting its renaissance as a tourist drawcard.

THE HISTORY OF MALACCA Malacca is a small state encompassing km2 on the Western Peninsular of Malaysia.

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Present-day Malacca in the nation of Malaysia reflects its tumultuous history - a multi-racial population of Malays, Indians, and Chinese call this historic city home. Most notably, Peranakan and Portuguese communities still thrive in Malacca, a reminder of the state's . A BRIEF HISTORY OF MALACCA PLUS INFORMATION WITH RULES & REGULATIONS Malacca was founded by a fleeing prince from Sumatra in 14th century, it.

Apart from a brief tenure by the Japanese during WW2, the city stayed in British hands until Malaysia declared independence, here in Melaka, in A brief history of Malacca Malacca started was a tributary city to China until the Portuguese conquer the city in In , the Dutch (Holland) defeated the Portuguese and ruled the city till ’s.

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