Migration Worldwide President John F. Kennedy, A Nation of Immigrants There is, of course, a legitimate argument for some limitation upon immigration. We no longer need settlers for virgin lands, and our economy is expanding more slowly than in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.
Arriving in Canada around 16, years ago after initially inhabiting the territories of Alaska, archaeological evidence suggests that the Paleo-Indians ' first "widespread" habitation of Canada and further south occurred during the last glacial period or, more specifically, what is known as the late glacial maximum.
They were few in number compared to the size of the North American continent and most lived a nomadic subsistence lifestyle, following the migration of animal herds that provided food.
Over time, Canada's First Nations started to construct different kinds of settlements, though they were generally temporary. For instance, the semi-nomadic peoples of the MaritimesQuebecand Northern Ontariosuch as the Mi'kmaqCreeand Algonquin constructed temporary camps and villages with wigwams and long houses as the basic architecture of settlement.
Nomadic First Nations living on the Canadian Prairies developed tipis with thin wooden frames and an outer covering of animal hides for portability in erecting temporary camps, with the people often moving to a new location each day to follow the bison herds. In the far north, the Inuit constructed temporary camps with igloosa domed structure made of snow, and tents made of animal hides in the summer.
These people constructed settlements with large houses of red cedar planks, demonstrating advanced carpentry and joinery skills. The most advanced design was the six beam house, named for the number of beams that supported the roof. The front of each house would be decorated with a Totem polewith the pole and sometimes the house brightly painted with artistic designs.
Near CEmany Iroquoian -speaking communities around the Great Lakes began to switch from a nomadic life to more permanent settlements. The richness of the soil in the St. Lawrence valley, along with the abundance of fisheries nearby and of forests rich in game animals, provided resources for the establishment of Iroquois villages.
In what is today Southern Ontario and Quebec, the Iroquois constructed permanent agricultural settlements with populations of several hundred to several thousand people.
Settlements, Villages, and Towns, [ edit ] Aboriginal peoples had been developing different kinds of settlements over thousands of years in Canada, but it was the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century which led to the establishment of the modern cities of Canada.
Many of the new arrivals, both French and Englishwere from cities and brought with them the experience and knowledge of urban life. They used their knowledge and technology for city building, implementing techniques for the construction of permanent buildings, transportation and communication facilities, and the means of producing food for concentrated groups of people.
Cities were slow to grow in the early period of European colonization in Canada. Those who arrived did so within a colonial and mercantile context that emphasised the exploitation of the colony for economic purposes at a minimum of imperial expense.
With the colonial economies in Canada based to a great extent on the fur tradecities remained mostly administrative centres for the colonies.
It was also a period of conflict between England and Francerival colonial powers untiland between Britain and the United States of America from that point until the mid-nineteenth century. This turmoil discouraged the development of cities.
The towns[ edit ] Eastern cities such as St. More to the west, Toronto was established in as York.
Of these cities, Montreal would become the most prominent city in Canada up to the 20th century. Toronto grew at a quick pace, gaining its status as a city and present name in Montreal— The area now known as Montreal has been a place of human habitation by Canada's native peoples for the last years.
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Canada (French:) is a country located in the northern part of North leslutinsduphoenix.com ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering million square kilometres ( million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total leslutinsduphoenix.com's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi.