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WikiCommons Adolf Eichmann during his trial in Israel. Two days prior to his execution by hanging, Nazi mass murderer Adolf Eichman sent a request for clemency to Israeli president Yitzhak Ben Tzvi, after having been found guilty on 15 counts including crimes against the Jewish nation and against humanity, and war crimes.
They were discovered during a project to digitize the clemency request files in the archive of the legal department of the presidential palace. Not immediately, and not for the reasons the arch-murderer suggested. In short, in his plea Eichman invented the notion of his role as a small cog in a big machine, practically forced by his superiors to carry out those atrocities he so loathed.
Eichmann stated at his interrogations that Heydrich told him in mid-September that Hitler had ordered that all Jews in German-controlled Europe were to be killed.
Hitler decided that the Jews of Europe were to be exterminated immediately rather than after the war, which could last several more years.
To coordinate the proposed genocide, Heydrich hosted the Wannsee Conference, which brought together administrative leaders of the Nazi regime on January 20, In preparation for the conference, Eichmann drafted for Heydrich a list of the numbers of Jews in various European countries and prepared statistics on emigration.
Eichmann attended the conference and prepared the official distributed record of the meeting.
Heydrich specified that Eichmann would act as his liaison with the departments involved. I therefore inform you that I decided to reject the appeals and not use in this case my authority to issue a clemency or to commute the sentence.Eichmann in Jerusalem leaves us wondering not only if justice was achieved in Eichmann's case, but also whether the lessons Arendt believes the trial has taught will make a difference in the future.
ABOUT HANNAH ARENDT/5(9).
Excerpt How the Israelis Captured Nazi Mastermind Adolf Eichmann. The tortuous route to apprehending the Holocaust’s chief henchman was full of surprises. In , Adolf Eichmann was appointed to the Jewish section of the “security services” of the leslutinsduphoenix.com then on, he became deeply involved with the formulation and operation of the “final solution to the Jewish question.” He drew up the idea of deportation of Jews into ghettos, and went about concentrating Jews in isolated areas with murderous efficiency.
Eichmann was born on March 19, , in Solingen, in the Rhineland—a German city that is famous for its knives, scissors, and surgical instruments.
We've all heard the phrase "the banality of evil."Some of us even know which political theorist to attribute it to, and among those, a few have even read it in context. Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil (Penguin Classics) [Hannah Arendt, Amos Elon] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The controversial journalistic analysis of the mentality that fostered the Holocaust, from the author of The Origins of Totalitarianism Sparking a flurry of heated debate.