Play media Overview of the United States legislative process, as explained by the Library of Congress Inthis committee of representatives prosecuted president Andrew Johnson in his impeachment trial, but the Senate did not convict him.
These departments include the Coast Guard; the U. The legislation to authorize DHS has taken three years to hammer out, with considerable difficulty. Much of that difficulty stemmed from the plethora of congressional committees which oversee DHS, a problem which was somewhat resolved in the House early last year through a Memorandum of Understanding between its oversight committees.
The committees agreed to shepherd through an authorization bill, with the House Committee on Homeland Security taking the lead. Because it has been 15 years since DHS has received direction from Congress except through annual appropriations bills, the authorization bill has quite a lot of ground to cover.
It is divided into seven titles: Below is a title-by-title U s department of homeland security overview and recommendations essay of the legislation, along with major amendments. It states that assistant secretaries for public affairs, legislative affairs, and the Office of Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction are to be appointed by the president; the rest are appointed by the secretary.
Any new assistant secretary positions must be created by statute. Under the legislation establishing the Department of Homeland Security inthe secretary must provide a Homeland Security Review to Congress every four years. Title I shifts the due date for the review from Dec.
It also orders the department to produce a report 90 days from submission of the review detailing how its recommendations are being implemented. The outlines of the revised OSPP also call for the DHS secretary to review the functions and responsibilities of each internationally-focused component of the department and eliminate unnecessary duplication within a year, providing the results of the review to Congress within 30 days after it is complete.
The secretary is also to create an action plan to address duplication and overlap and submit it to Congress within the same one-year timeframe. Title I lists a number of other reporting requirements as well. The first part of Title I finishes by codifying the existing Office for Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction and chief medical officer.
Sectionwhich provides for these entities, sunsets in five years. It also authorizes DHS to enter into agreements with other countries and international NGOs in consultation with the State Department or the appropriate agency, something it already does see here and here.
Human Resources and Other Matters Title I provides a few amendments to the position of Chief Human Capital Resources Officer and requires the secretary to produce an action plan within days detailing how to improve employee engagement, diversity, inclusion and development. The obligation to create the action plan internally terminates after five years, but the secretary is still required to submit a department-wide action plan to Congress every two years, along with component-specific plans.
Title I also reminds the secretary of his or her obligation to provide assistance to state and local officials in securing election infrastructure. It requires that the secretary submit a yearly report to Congress detailing: Again, the report is to be submitted in unclassified form, allowing for a classified annex.
James Lankford and Kamala Harris sought to supplement this provision with an amendment establishing a presumption that state and local officials would share information with DHS about threats to election infrastructure.
Lankford and Harris now reportedly intend to introduce the amendment as a stand-alone bill. Title I concludes by, among other things, eliminating the director of shared services and the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement. The office was later defunded and transferred to the Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans in the Consolidated Appropriations Act.
Acquisition Accountability and Efficiency Title II clarifies and adds to the authorities of the undersecretary for management, including the delegation of acquisition authority. Steve Daines introduced legislation to establish such a board in April of last year, and his proposal is largely incorporated here.
The board would, among other things, adopt cost-benefit analysis practices and determine whether proposed acquisitions meet the necessary requirements under the acquisition lifecycle framework. Title II then lays out a number of oversight mechanisms to ensure that acquisition practices are as efficient as possible.
First, it requires the deputy secretary to create policies to increase efficiency by reducing duplication in acquisition programs. Next, it provides for the creation of a Department Leadership Council to assist the secretary in coordinating within the department.
Further, Title II outlines a structure for notification to the Secretary and submission of a remediation plan and root cause analysis in the event of a breach in a major program. The policy guidance must provide the following: The guidance should be released in unclassified form, with allowance for a classified index, and is to be reviewed every five years.
This report must also be submitted in unclassified form, allowing for a classified annex. The creation of a DHS data framework that adheres to privacy principles and laws, and that it is readily accessible to trained and cleared employees, is also required. The undersecretary is also to develop a threat assessment as to whether transnational criminal organizations are exploiting border vulnerabilities.
Both assessments will be shared with state, local and tribal law enforcement officials.
To some extent this provision Section reflects the focus and language of Section 3 j of executive ordersigned by President Trump in the early days of his administration. No additional funds are provided for the Board to operate, and they are to report on their activities to Congress within 90 days.
The bill establishes the board for two years. Stakeholder Information Sharing Section A of the HSA established the Fusion Center Initiative to coordinate information sharing between sectors of the federal government and state and local governments.
The undersecretary is also required to report annually to Congress on the value of the fusion centers until An Overview of Homeland Security Function. After the terrorist attacks on September 11, , people in the United States knew that absolutely anything could happen without even thinking about it.
This event made the government realize that the United States security was not the best it could be. The Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) is the Department of Homeland Security's capstone strategy document, which is updated every four years as required by law. The report offers recommendations on long-term strategy and priorities for homeland security.
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The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was established by this act of parliament: Homeland security Act of It was created to consolidate the US executive branch agencies linked to the security of the homeland, into a one cabinet department. It resulted into partnership of 22 agencies into one new and autonomous department.
President Trump signed three executive orders the week of January 23 which offend the dignity and threaten the rights of immigrants and refugees both in the United States and globally. On January 25 at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Trump signed executive orders on border security and interior enforcement.
On January 27, he signed [ ]. The Department of homeland security was formed after the disaster of 9/ It was the first new department since the creation of the Veterans Affairs Department founded in (leslutinsduphoenix.com).
It is the belief of congress that the attack on 9/11 as well as the world trade center /5(5).