Harold's father was rector of the Paris Church of Farnham St. Although he first became a farmer, Harold moved to London where he joined 'The Daily Chronicle' newspaper and later 'The Globe' newspaper as a journalist.
Can Man Abolish War? One of these ways is styled arbitration; the other, international federation. Before proceeding to examine what these terms mean, let me repeat the suggestion I ventured to make in my previous article, namely, that almost any machinery of this order would suffice for the security of peace provided the nations brought to it in all their controversies the moral quality of good will.
My argument is that without this spirit of good will no machinery of any kind can be rationally regarded as a sufficient insurance against war.
In the year the nations of Europe, gathered together at the second Hague Conference, solemnly avowed their "firm determination to co-operate in the maintenance of general peace," and "to favor with all their efforts the amicable settlement of international conflicts. Not only was the solemn compact broken—the compact to arbitrate disputes, but, what is even more to the point, one after another of those pledges which had been made to mitigate the cruelties of war were thrown to the World war 1 harold begbie fall in.
In the last days of July, there was not a peasant toiling in the fields of Bavaria, Austria, Russia, or France who would have said if he knew of the dispute at all that the trouble between the Governments of Europe called for an immediate decision.
He would have said that a year hence would scarcely make any difference to that dispute. He would have gladly gone on with his harvest work, and left it to the judges of the Hague Tribunal to decide when they liked how the matter should be settled.
And, furthermore, could he have known how this event was destined to go, he would have lifted up his voice and protested angrily against the panic haste of the Governments. But to autocratic rulers, suspicious statesmen, and responsible soldiers this matter had an urgency which could be counted by seconds.
The telegraph was scarce quick enough for them. The atomless ether could hardly satisfy their impatience. Their diplomacy was now only a burglar's mask. Everything turned upon preparedness for war. Who would be ready first? Who would get the advantage of the first blow?
All turned on this. And before a bench of judges could be summoned armies were mobilized, peasants streamed from their homes to the barracks, and war was as certain as death. This is the supreme point of arbitration. So long as diplomacy is secret, and so long as there are autocratic rulers deciding the fates of people over their heads, so long will panic destroy the great essential of arbitration-—time.
If the Reichstag in Berlin had been in July,a body of men like the British House of Commons, and if before Prussia declared war a responsible Minister had been obliged to get the consent of the people's representatives, then it is clear as noonday that this war could not have come with that terrible suddenness which threw the common sense of Europe off its balance.
Whether the dispute between Austria and Serbia could have been settled by the Hague Tribunal is another matter; but this, at least, is certain, that but for the autocratic character of German institutions war could not have come to Europe before the subject of dispute had been publicly debated at the Hague Tribunal.
We see, then, that arbitration is no security against war, and that to make it even a tolerable insurance against this fearful calamity certain conditions are essential.
Diplomacy must not be secret; the issues of peace and war must not lie in the hands of autocracy; the peoples of each State must discuss in advance every question of dispute and themselves decide in what manner it shall be settled. These conditions are essential, not because democracies are wiser or less ambitious than autocracies, not because frank and public diplomacy is less provocative than secret diplomacy, but because time is the great prophylactic against panic.
Just as the angry and indignant man who sleeps on a furious letter to the neighbor who has annoyed him seldom sends that letter when morning comes, so nations seldom court the very uncertain and always destructive arbitrament of war when they have had time to reflect upon the consequences of refusing arbitration.
Canon Grove, in his admirable book, The Passing of War, rightly defends the success of the principle of arbitration from its various critics, militaristic and otherwise. He can truthfully say that when national representatives at the Hague specifically agree that arbitration is "the most efficacious and at the same time most equitable method" of settling disagreements of a legal character insoluble by diplomacy, this is no mere beating the air, but "the statement of a plain fact of proved practical utility.
As all the world knows, an opportunity was created in for focusing the efforts of. The working of the law of acceleration in this leap in the numbers of represented States, from twenty-six to forty-four in eight years, is similarly prominent in the rapidly growing acceptance of the arbitration principle as a mode of settling national disputes.
Dividing the eighty years from to into four periods of twenty years each, the number of cases submitted and decided stands as follows: Eight only in the first period of twenty years, thirty in the second, forty-four in the third, and in the last period ninety; or if the twenty years are counted back from the adjudications:Thank you for letting me read this poem, my long dead great uncle W.M Hall wrote how he loved this poem, it was pertinate in his life as he was in the 1st world war.
Killed in action at Flanders, july 31st. He played football for the garrison league and cliftonville to name a few. Again thanks. Can Man Abolish War?
Nay, but War can abolish Man! Man is a creature most dear to God, but if Man make himself a child of the devil, then assuredly will the devil destroy him. But, clearly enough, the war of proves that arbitration by itself is no security for the peace of the world.
Arbitration may have safeguarded that precious peace again and again, but as it stood in it was powerless to stay the march of war. In , Harold married Alice Gertrude Seal and they had five daughters, Janet, who was also a poet, Joan, Gertrude, Eve and Eleanor. During the First World War, Harold wrote recruiting poems and travelled to America to try to help the war effort on behalf of his newspaper.
Harold died in . In the world marks the th anniversary of World War I, magazine articles from , Can Man Abolish War?, centennial gallery, Harold Begbie. Edward Harold Begbie (–), also known as Harold Begbie, was an English author and journalist who published nearly 50 books and poems and contributed to periodicals.
Besides studies of the Christian religion, he wrote numerous other books, including political satire, comedy, fiction, science fiction, plays and poetry.